Bauhaus Architecture in Tel Aviv
Some places in Tel Aviv have a high concentration of buildings in the Bauhaus style – Rothschild Boulevard, Bialik Square, and Habima Square. Next to Dizengoff Square there is the Bauhaus Center where you can start a Bauhaus Tour. If you want to stay in a boutique hotel built in Bauhaus style, click here.
The Bauhaus concept and history
The architectural style Tel Aviv is most famous for is the International Style. In Europe in the 20th century, architectural schools arose that advocated simplicity, minimalism, and functionalism. This modern building style was based on concrete and steel beams, making arches unnecessary and causing decorative and ornamental elements to look outdated. The school most associated with the International Style is Bauhaus, which began in the German city of Weimar and then moved to Dessau and later Berlin. Because of Bauhaus’s impact on modern architecture, the International Style is sometimes known under the name of this school. This was the first time that architects addressed the needs of the middle class and not just those of the aristocracy.
After Hitler rose to power in 1933, the Bauhaus School was shut down as it was seen as too modern, communist, and Jewish for the Nazi ideology. Tel Aviv’s growing population, many of whom were Jews from Germany, included architectural students who were followers of the International Style, thus prompting Tel Aviv to become closely identified with this style. The Bauhaus school was about more than just curved balconies and straight lines; it was a declaration of intent. The developing city of Tel Aviv turned its back on Jaffa and Jerusalem, cities of stone that cling to a glorious past, and asked to be a new city of a revived nation on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea.
More sights in Tel Aviv:
St. Peter’s Church – where Christianity separated from Judaism
Jaffa Port – the unimpressive gate to the Holy Land…
Eichmann’s Prison Cell
Rabin Square – unimpressive, gray, lacking in history and yet…
Sarona – from German colony to exclusive shopping center
The American Colony – Mark Twain, Herman Melville and John Steinbeck in Tel Aviv